By Nigel Palastanga, Derek Field and Roger W. Soames (Auth.)
This textbook of anatomy has been designed in particular for college students who desire to use the data in scientific occasions and need a larger knowing of the mechanisms which enable circulation to happen. each one part follows an analogous trend of presentation, with dialogue of the bones, muscle mass and joints and their interplay, nerve blood offer and lymphatic drainage. The utilized anatomy of the musculoskeletal approach occupies the higher a part of the e-book, yet sections also are dedicated to human embryology, the surface and its appendages and the constitution and serve as of the anxious procedure. For readability of presentation, every one web page of textual content faces a web page of illustrations and diagrams. large cross-referencing among textual content and photographs will additional support realizing of even the main tough structural and useful ideas
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Additional info for Anatomy and Human Movement. Structure and Function
The cartilage of the ear and nose, the subcutaneous periosteal surface of the tibia, and the deep fascia surrounding joints. In response to continued friction, skin reacts by increasing the thickness of its superficial layers. When wounded it responds by increased growth and repair. The skin of young individuals is extremely elastic, rapidly returning to its original shape and position. However, this elasticity is increasingly lost with age so that unless it is firmly attached to the underlying tissues it stretches.
The inferior end of the radius is expanded having five distinct surfaces. The lateral surface, which extends down to the styloid process, has a shallow groove for the tendons of abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis. The medial surface forms the concave ulnar notch for articulation with the head of the ulna. The posterior surface is convex and grooved by tendons. The prominent ridge in the middle of this surface is the dorsal (Lister's) tubercle. The lateral half of this surface continues down onto the styloid process.
These layers are from within outwards known as the stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum and finally the stratum corneum (Fig. 2a). The stratum basale consists of a single layer of cells adjacent to the dermis. It is in this layer, as well as in the stratum spinosum that new cells are produced to replace those lost from the surface. The stratum spinosum itself consists of several layers of irregularly shaped cells, which become flattened as they approach the stratum granulosum.