Turkey

Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and by Vera P. Moutafchieva

By Vera P. Moutafchieva

Publication via Moutafchieva, Vera P.

Show description

Read Online or Download Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th Centuries PDF

Similar turkey books

The Forty Rules of Love: A Novel of Rumi

During this lyrical, exuberant follow-up to her 2007 novel, The Bastard of Istanbul, acclaimed Turkish writer Elif Shafak unfolds tantalizing parallel narratives—one modern and the opposite set within the 13th century, while Rumi encountered his non secular mentor, the whirling dervish referred to as Shams of Tabriz—that jointly incarnate the poet's undying message of affection.

The Great Powers and the End of the Ottoman Empire

The disappearance of the Ottoman Empire have been foretold because the finish of the eighteenth century. yet, because it used to be now not ultimately abolished via the Turkish Grand nationwide meeting within the newly validated capital in Ankara till 1924, in truth it survived its conventional enemies, the Russian and Habsburg Empires, and its disastrous best friend, the German Empire, by means of six or seven years.

The Rough Guide to Turkey (Rough Guides)

The tough consultant to Turkey is the main accomplished go back and forth consultant to this targeted nation straddling either Europe and Asia — and bordering nations as various as Greece within the west and Iran within the east. along an array of wonderful photographs, you will find insightful insurance of every thing this state bargains: from the Mediterranean shorelines that play host to nesting turtles to the hovering mountain levels spangled with Alpine vegetation, from mythical historical websites, equivalent to Troy, to the unique domed skyline of Byzantine and Ottoman-era Istanbul.

A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire

100 years after the deportations and mass homicide of Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians, and different peoples within the ultimate years of the Ottoman Empire, the background of the Armenian genocide is a sufferer of old distortion, state-sponsored falsification, and deep divisions among Armenians and Turks.

Extra resources for Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th Centuries

Sample text

For example, the raiyye from certain villages in the vakiJ of ~ehabeddin Pa§a in the Plovdiv district paid only one tax-ispenqe-to the sipahi. 142 Also, in the sixteenth century, another five villages were the vakiJ of Thrahim Pa§a. One of them, the village of Korova, paid a set part of its taxes to the sipahi-' 'his raiyye taxes are a timar to the sipahi," we read in the inventory, "and its title belongs to the vakif" 143 The status of the population of Gaglayik, a vakiJ of Murad IT, was even more complex.

The above mentioned differences between the nominal and the real income of the timar should always be borne in mind when calculating the size of timars, as official documents usually give the nominal amount, 30 AGRARIAN RELATIONS IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE which was usually less than the real amount. So that the ratio between nominal and real timar incomes can be seen, a comparative table of the two amounts has been set out below. Nominal income Real income From 0 to 1,000 akge 7 13 From 1,000 to 2,000 akr;e 28 23 From 2,000 to 3,000 akr;e 46 30 From 3,000 to 4,000 akr;e 45 48 From 4,000 to 5,000 akr;e 25 29 From 5,000 to 6,000 akr;e 21 25 From 6,000 to 7,000 akr;e 11 14 From 7,000 to 8,000 akr;e 7 11 From 8,000 to 9,000 akr;e 6 8 From 9,000 to 10,000 akr;e 7 3 From 10,000 tOe 11 ,000 akr;e 1 1 From 11 ,000 to 12,000 akr;e 2 4 From 12,000 to 13,000 akr;e 0 1 From 13,000 to 14,000 akr;e 0 0 ·2 From 14,000 to 15,000 akr;e 0 Over 15,000 akr;e 1 3 This table makes obvious the amounts by which timar incomes exceeded the set nominal income, and that some of the timars of 3 ,000 akr;e had in fact been included with those of from 4,000 to 10,000 akr;e.

The gedik timars were not available to ordinary sipahis. , their obligations were very few. loo Finally, the most important division of the timars in the empire was into free (serbest) and not free gayr-z serbest). The division in question is an expression of the specific feudal heirarchy that existed within the timar system. 102 The timars of the sipahis with the rank of private, with the exception of the zaim, were considered to be tied. In practice, the differences between these two main categories lay in the distribution of the feudal rent.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.73 of 5 – based on 38 votes