Infectious Diseases

Advances in Virus Research, Vol. 72 by Karl Maramorosch, Aaron J. Shatkin, Frederick A. Murphy

By Karl Maramorosch, Aaron J. Shatkin, Frederick A. Murphy

Released on account that 1953, Advances in Virus examine covers a various variety of in-depth experiences offering a precious evaluation of the present box of virology. The influence issue for 2006 is 3.48 putting it seventh within the hugely aggressive class of virology. * Contributions from major gurus * Informs and updates on all of the newest advancements within the box

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2003). This suggests that this species may act as a bridge vector for exchange between forest and peridomestic habitats. Furthermore, the ability of Ae. aegypti and Ae. , 2007b), suggests that the transfer between forest and human habitats could occur regularly. B. The influence of natural immunity or vaccination on potential sylvatic DENV emergence As described in previous sections (see DENV evolutionary relationships—origin and emergence) the four DENV serotypes have evolved from a common ancestral progenitor resulting in viruses sharing several common antigenic sites.

Although the mechanism of maintenance of DENV during the dry season or during interepidemic periods has not been clearly elucidated, evidence suggests DENV maintenance by vertical (transovarial) transmission. , 1931). , 1972), and TOT of LaCrosse virus by Ae. , 1973). The first evidence of DENV transovarial transmission (TOT) in nature was 28 Nikos Vasilakis and Scott C. Weaver demonstrated by the isolation of DENV-2 (presumably sylvatic strains) from a pool of male Ae. , 1983) and a year later in an Ae.

2002a,b). DENV phylogenetic analyses have also revealed a complex pattern of evolution within multiple lineages that is partly fueled by the extensive History and Evolution of Human Dengue Emergence 33 travel movement of humans and mosquitoes (especially in the days of sailing ships). , 2005). , 2002); and (3) fitness for transmission which may differ among DENV genotypes, as is evidenced by the greater susceptibility of Ae. aegypti for the invading Asian genotypes than for the American genotype it has displaced in some locations (Armstrong and Rico-Hesse, 2003).

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