Sacred Writings

Adam and Eve in the Armenian Traditions, Fifth Through by Michael E. Stone

By Michael E. Stone

The Adam and Eve tales are a foundational fable within the Jewish and Christian worlds, and how they have been acknowledged unearths greatly approximately these doing the retelling. How did the Armenians retell those tales? What values do those retellings exhibit approximately women and men, their existence on this planet, sin and redemption? offered listed below are twelve hundred years of Armenian telling of the Genesis 1 three tales in an exceptional choice of all major narratives of Adam and Eve in Armenian literature prose and poetry, homilies and commentaries, calendary and mathematical texts from its inception within the 5th century to the 17th century. This seminal source contributes to the energetic present dialogue of the way biblical and apocryphal traditions have been retold, embroidered, and remodeled into the lenses during which the Bible itself used to be learn.

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Yet the inference that death resulted from Adam’s transgression cannot be avoided,131 and the impact of Gen 3:19 was magnified when it was combined with the Pauline statement in Romans that the wages of sin is death. Pains and death result from Adam’s disobedience. 132 Yovhannēs Mandakuni uses the ecclesiastical language I noted above when he says that the commandment given to Adam was a պահք (“a fast”). ”133 This is a good summary of ideas relating to death and pain that result from Adam’s sin.

2 Adam Deceived and Sinner 115. P‘awstos Buzand 2. 116. 4 above. 117. Yovhannēs Mandakuni 9. , Judah the Prince) observes appositely, as it were, to the present instance, “Be as heedful of a light precept as of a grave one for you know not the grant of reward for each” (2:1). 118. Presumably the reference is to not eating cheese during Lent, see Yovhannēs Mandakuni 11. 119. Yačaxapatum Čaṙk‘ 9 and 11; compare Yovhannēs Mandakuni 1. 120. Since the general character of Armenian practice resembled other Christian practice these views in themselves are not distinctively Armenian.

0. Casus (“fall”) is found for Adam’s sin in 4 Ezra 7:118, where no idea of mountain is to be found. The idea that death is the ultimate result of Adam’s sin occurs in many ancient sources, the best known of which is probably Rom 5:12; see Stone 1990a, 64–65. 29. Ełišē 4. 6 below. 2 The R anking of Creation The idea of the ranking of creatures is rather developed in Agat‘angełos’s writings. 3 Humans and Angels Psalm 8:4–5 = Arm 8:5–6 reads: “Who is man that you remember him . . 34 Agat‘angełos’s Teaching of St.

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