By Sevket Pamuk
This quantity examines the financial historical past of a giant empire positioned on the crossroads of intercontinental exchange from the fourteenth century until eventually the top of worldwide warfare I. It covers all areas of the empire from the Balkans via Anatolia, Syria, Egypt and the Gulf to the Maghrib. the results of economic advancements for social and political background also are mentioned through the quantity. this is often a massive and pathbreaking ebook by means of the most amazing financial historians within the box.
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Extra info for A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire
U Siyaseti second edition (Ankara: MayasË Yayõnlarõ, 1984), 66±102. Charles Tilly provides a detailed examination of this process with speci®c reference to the provisioning of urban centers in Europe: Charles Tilly, ``Food Supply and Public Order in Modern Europe,'' in C. ), The Formation of Nation States in Western Europe (Princeton University Press, 1975), 35±151. 10 A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire policies and institutions was the nature of the state and state±society relations. State economic policies did not pursue public interest in some abstract sense of the term.
These efforts eventually led to the decline of Italian trade with Egypt (E. Ashtor, Levant Trade, 3±82). After the dissolution of the Mongol Empire from the middle of the fourteenth century, the southern route once again became the most important channel connecting the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, maintaining its prominence until the end of the sixteenth century. Abu-Lughod, Before European Hegemony, 212±47; also R. S. Lopez, H. Miskimin, and A. Udovitch, ``England to Egypt, 1350±1500: Long-Term Trends and Long-Distance Trade,'' in Michael A.
At the same time, gold began to disappear from the Eastern Mediterranean and that region began to rely on increasingly abundant quantities of silver for its coinage. The Byzantine hyperperon was steadily debased in the thirteenth century and disappeared altogether in the middle of the fourteenth century although the term continued to be used for Byzantine silver coinage. In the ®rst half of the thirteenth century, silver became increasingly important in the Nicean empire, Byzantine Trabizond, Georgia, Christian Kingdoms of Lesser Armenia and Ayyubids of Syria.