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25 April 1915: The Day the Anzac Legend was Born by David W. Cameron

By David W. Cameron

An in depth account of what occurred to the Australian, New Zealand and Turkish troops at the shores and hills of the Gallipoli peninsula on that fateful day - the day the ANZAC legend used to be born. at the twenty fifth of April 1915 Australian troops landed at the Gallipoli Peninsula in what's now referred to as Anzac Cove. They rushed from the seashore as much as Plugge's Plateau into Australian army background ache many casualties at the method. simply after noon troops from New Zealand landed at Gallipoli and jointly the Australians and New Zealanders created the Anzac legend. It used to be the occasions of this primary day that set the process the total conflict resulting in the evacuation of the Anzac troops in December 1915. this can be the tale of that day telling the Australian, New Zealand and Turkish aspect of what used to be to develop into a tragedy for all 3 international locations and an final triumph for Turkey. It concludes with the stopover at of Charles Bean, the reputable Australian conflict correspondent, to the peninsula in 1919 as a part of the Australian old venture to organise the burial of the lifeless that had lain uncovered to the weather for the final 4 years, and to the formation of the cemeteries which are this day visited through hundreds of thousands.

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I went to a new observation point and kept watch. This time I saw them as a great mass, which, I decided, seemed to be moving straight towards us. In the customary manner, I went to the telephone to inform Divisional Headquarters. That was at 0230 hours. I got through to the Second Lieutenant Nori, at Divisional Headquarters and told him of it. He replied, ‘Hold the line. ’ With that our conversation ended. A little while later, the moon sank below the horizon and the ships became invisible in the dark.

The coast of Syria would have no effect. The only place that a demonstration might have some effect in stopping reinforcements going East would be the Dardanelles. Particularly if, as the Grand Duke says, reports could be spread at the same time that Constantinople was threatened. 3 Anzac 1915 PAGES 22/2/07 11:10 AM Page 4 25 APRIL 1915 We shall not be ready for anything big for some months. Yours very truly Kitchener In November 1914 a British naval squadron had attacked the shore defences of the Dardanelles upon Turkey’s entry into the war.

The plan was for the 9th Battalion to secure the southern flank, including Gaba Tepe itself as well as the main southern spur running off Third Ridge, later to be known as Anderson Knoll. The 10th Battalion was to capture the bulk of Third Ridge, the 11th Battalion was to capture Scrubby Knoll (the northern part of Third Ridge), as well as Battleship Hill, while the 12th Battalion would occupy 400 Plateau as the brigade reserve. Meanwhile, the 2nd Brigade would land just to the north, with three of its four battalions landing in the vicinity of Hell Spit and the remaining battalion landing in what would become known as Anzac Cove.

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